How History and Language Connect: Setting the Stage for Pidgin
A Timeline
Social Impact
Future Impact
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Language Impact
Future Impact
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Welcome to the Pidgin Timeline!

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Hawaiian Spoken in Kingdom
Ancient Hawai‘i
Kamehameha I is King of Hawai‘i
1795-1819
Kamehameha II falls into debt with American traders
1811
Calvinist Missionaries arrive in the islands
1820
Whalers arrive from New England
1830s
Cooke School established for children of Hawaiian chiefs
1838
Punahou school established as a ‘select’ school for mission children
1841
The Great Mahele
1848
California Gold Rush
1848-1855
First Chinese laborers brought to islands to work on sugarcane plantations
1852
Measles and whooping cough
1850s-1860
Trade of beet sugar in the US South was blocked by the American Civil War
1861-1865
Reciprocity Treaty
1875
11,000 Portuguese arrive
1878-1880s
Anti-Chinese sentiment grows
1880s
Bayonet Constitution
1887
Monarchy overthrown
1893
Act 57 makes English the only recognized language for schooling
1896
Hawai‘i is annexed as a territory of the USA
1898
James Dole arrives in Hawai‘i, begins pineapple industry
1899
77,000 Japanese immigrate to Hawai‘i
1900-1910
Yobiyose Jidai (‘big calling’) era of Japanese immigration
1910
The second generation of children of plantation workers go to school
1910-1920s
Japanese Exclusion Act
1924
English standard schools established
1924
Attack on Pearl Harbor; World War II begins
1941-1945
English standard schools end
1947
Statehood
1959
Hawai‘i Constitutional Convention
1978
Hawai‘i Board of Education attempts to ban Pidgin at schools
1987
Kahakua et al. vs. Hallgren, National Weather Service case
1987
Lois-Ann Yamanaka publishes Saturday Night at the Pahala Theatre
1993
Da Jesus Book is published
2000
Da Kine Dictionary published
2005
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1800
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1900
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2000